Front page
Handbook information
Part 1: Cochrane reviews
Part 2: General methods for Cochrane reviews
Part 3: Special topics
    13 Including non-randomized studies
       13.1 Introduction
       13.2 Developing criteria for including non-randomized studies
       13.3 Searching for non-randomized studies
       13.4 Selecting studies and collecting data
       13.5 Assessing risk of bias in non-randomized studies
       13.6 Synthesis of data from non-randomized studies
          13.6.1 What is different when including non-randomized studies?
          13.6.2 Guidance and resources available to support review authors
    Controlling for confounding
    Combining studies
    Analysis of heterogeneity
    When pooling is judged not to be appropriate
          13.6.3 Summary
       13.7 Interpretation and discussion
       13.8 Chapter information
       Box 13.8.a: The Cochrane Non-Randomised Studies Methods Group
       13.9 References
    14 Adverse effects
    15 Incorporating economics evidence
    16 Special topics in statistics
    17 Patient-reported outcomes
    18 Reviews of individual patient data
    19 Prospective meta-analysis
    20 Qualitative research and Cochrane reviews
    21 Reviews in public health and health promotion
    22 Overviews of reviews
Additional material