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11.10  Chapter information

Authors: Holger J Schünemann, Andrew D Oxman, Julian PT Higgins, Gunn E Vist, Paul Glasziou and Gordon H Guyatt on behalf of the Cochrane Applicability and Recommendations Methods Group and the Cochrane Statistical Methods Group.

This chapter should be cited as: Schünemann HJ, Oxman AD, Higgins JPT, Vist GE, Glasziou P, Guyatt GH. Chapter 11: Presenting results and ‘Summary of findings' tables. In: Higgins JPT, Green S (editors), Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 5.1.0 (updated March 2011). The Cochrane Collaboration, 2011. Available from

Acknowledgements: Professor Penny Hawe contributed to the text on adverse effects. Jon Deeks provided helpful contributions. Sally Green, Janet Wale and Gill Gyte developed the guidance on plain language summaries, and we also drew on guidance for narrative synthesis by Rebecca Ryan and the Consumers and Communication Review Group. The material on writing abstracts builds on earlier versions of the Handbook. For details of previous authors and editors of the Handbook, please refer to Section 1.4. For details of the Cochrane Applicability and Recommendations Methods Group, see Chapter 12 (Box 12.8.a); for the Cochrane Statistical Methods Group, see Chapter 9 (Box 9.8.a).

Conflict of interest: Holger Schünemann, Andrew Oxman, Gunn Vist, Paul Glasziou and Gordon Guyatt have, to varying degrees, taken leadership roles in the GRADE Working Group from which many of the ideas around ‘Summary of findings’ tables have arisen.