This is an archived version of the Handbook. For the current version, please go to or search for this chapter here.

20.6.1  Qualitative research, general

Boulton M, Fitzpatrick R. Qualitative methods for assessing health care. Quality in Health Care 1994; 3: 107-113.

Britten N, Jones R, Murphy E, Stacey R. Qualitative research methods in general practice and primary care. Family Practice 1995; 12:104-114

Esterberg KG. Qualitative Methods in Social Research. Boston (US): McGraw-Hill, 2002.

Giacomini MK. The rocky road: qualitative research as evidence. Evidence-Based Medicine 2001; 6: 4-5

Grbich C. Qualitative Research in Health: An Introduction. London (UK): Sage Publications, 1999.

Green J, Britten N. Qualitative research and evidence-based medicine. BMJ 1998; 316:1230-2.

Guba RG, Lincoln YS. Competing paradigms in qualitative research. In: Denzin NK, Lincoln YS (Eds) Handbook of Qualitative Research. Thousand Oaks (CA): Sage Publications, 1994.

Miller S, Fredericks M. The nature of “evidence” in qualitative research methods. International Journal of Qualitative Methods 2003; 2: Article 4. Retrieved 1 January 2008 from

Murphy E, Dingwall R, Greatbach D, Parker S, Watson P. Qualitative research methods in health technology assessment: a review of the literature. Health Technology Assessment 1998; 2: 1–274.

Popay J, Williams G. Qualitative research and evidence based healthcare. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 1998; 91(Suppl 35):32–37.

Pope C, Mays N. Qualitative research: reaching the parts other methods cannot reach: an introduction to qualitative methods in health and health service research. BMJ 1995; 311: 42-45.

Pope C, Van Royen P, Baker R. Qualitative methods in research on healthcare quality. Quality and Safety in Health Care 2002; 11:148-152.