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12.8  Chapter information

Authors: Holger J Schünemann, Andrew D Oxman, Gunn E Vist, Julian PT Higgins, Jonathan J Deeks, Paul Glasziou and Gordon H Guyatt on behalf of the Cochrane Applicability and Recommendations Methods Group.

This chapter should be cited as: Schünemann HJ, Oxman AD, Vist GE, Higgins JPT, Deeks JJ, Glasziou P, Guyatt GH. Chapter 12: Interpreting results and drawing conclusions. In: Higgins JPT, Green S (editors), Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 5.1.0 (updated March 2011). The Cochrane Collaboration, 2011. Available from

Acknowledgements: Jonathan Sterne, Michael Borenstein and Rob JM Scholten contributed text.

Declarations of interest: Holger Schünemann, Andrew Oxman, Gunn Vist, Paul Glasziou and Gordon Guyatt have, to varying degrees, taken leadership roles in the GRADE Working Group from which many of the ideas in this chapter have arisen.